Publications

Failing Readmission: If sending migrants back won’t work. A case study of Italy and Tunisia

September 2017
Organization / Author
- Article -

This article will provide an account of how readmission agreements have been working between Italy and Tunisia in the last few years. Considering available data on the matter, as well as three months’ worth of personal research and interviews with direct sources in Tunisia, this article will then examine some of the shortcomings of the Italian repatriation system, so as to counter the widely held assumption that Italy and Tunisia are setting a model case for how readmissions are to be operated in Europe.

Alternative Economy in the Arab Region

May 2017
Organization / Author
- Research -

“Alternative economy in the Arab region : concepts and issues“ by the Arab Forum for Alternatives (AFA) explores, through case studies , existing and possible economic alternatives from different countries (i.e Jemna oasis in Tunisia, Srifa cooperative in Lebanon, Nubaseed in Egypt , self-administrated communal lands in Morocco) by identifying key factors of success and failure of such experiences. The book questions how economic alternatives can survive under capitalist systems and to which extent they can develop to an Alternative Economy.

Contributors : Salameh Kaileh – Layla Riahi – Jana Nakhal – Noureddine Bessadi – Raja Kassab – Ayman Abdelmoati – Marzuq Alnusf – Gennaro Gervasio – Mohamed El Agaty

This publication is the result of our joint cooperation with the Arab Forum for Alternatives as part of our effort to support progressive organizations and initiatives that challenges and debunk neoliberal ideologies and propose alternatives for a just development in the region that prioritizes public interest.

Social disparities and class distinction in the Arab region

Organization / Author
- Research -

The publication “Social disparities in the Arab region“ by the Arab Forum for Alternatives (AFA) from Egypt diagnoses social disparities in several countries of North Africa and Western Asia that are characterized by different political paths and specific social contexts but similar socio-economic impacts, mainly resulting from decades of dominant neoliberal policies. The texts discuss structural causes of the growing class gap and highlight the main challenges to the achievement of social justice in the region.

Contributors: Mohamed Said – Fathi Chamkhi – Mongia Hedfi – Said al Hashmi – Maan Dammag – Fadila Akkache – Omayma Kamal – Saadi Khalid Ali – Abdelmawla Ismail – Heba Khalil – Wassim Laabidi – Joseph Dhaher – Zuhair Tawfiq – Toufiq Haddad – Mohamed El Agaty

This publication is the result of our joint cooperation with the Arab Forum for Alternatives as part of our effort to support progressive organizations and initiatives that challenges and debunk neoliberal ideologies and propose alternatives for a just development in the region that prioritizes public interest.

Protest Movements in Morocco and the Role of the Political Left in Mobilization against Neoliberal Policies

May 2017
Organization / Author
- Research -

In Morocco, the experience of the 20 February Movement indicated that the left faces real dilemmas. Some of its currents refused to get involved in the Movement due to the presence of obscurantist forces, while other currents drew closer to the obscurantists themselves under the pretext of their opposition to despotism. This confusion reflects the difficulty of engaging in common leftist action in the framework of social fronts of resistance to neoliberal attacks.
This paper goes through the Moroccan anti-neoliberal resistance movements’ history and present, and contributes to a serious diagnosis of the current situation and the different possibilities for the social movements to change the agenda policies in favor of more popular policies.

Portraits de migrants

December 2016
Organization / Author
- Study -

Everyone knows about the existence of irregular migrants in Tunisia, but it’s not a political issue. Although the new constitution of 2014 includes a right to asylum, the existing respective draft law is waiting to be passed for two years already. “The migrants are here, but because they’re not making problems, everyone seems to be happy”, the former State Minister for Migration Affairs, Belgacem Sabri, told RLS in October 2015. A short time later, his function was cancelled, which exemplifies the low status the government assigns to the issue.

Terre d’Asile Tunisie, through their “House of Migration” in Tunis – where irregular migrants can meet and receive support – collected and evaluated data of 314 migrants from January 2014 to March 2016 in order to come to a better understanding of migration in Tunisia. Who are they? What are the reasons that made them come to Tunisia? What are their living conditions?
The results are published in the “Portraits de Migrants” and were presented on 19 December 2016 in the Dar Rosa, the event center of the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung in Tunis. Arabic and English language versions of the study are forthcoming.

Journal Carto Citoyenne – Citizen Cartography Journal

December 2016
Organization / Author
- Article -

This publication was made possible through the cooperation with the Fédération des Tunisiens pour une Citoyenneté des deux Rives (FTCR) and Altercarto, “the Citizen Cartography” initiative. Its purpose is to set in place a working tool that aims to map the economic and social data of Tunisia in order to strengthen citizen-based dialogue with a rigorous and participatory approach. Wanting to innovate in their methodology and to actively involve the public, the Citizen Cartography project in 2016 set up five encounters: a thematic conference and a day of mapping workshops. The Citizen Cartography Journal contains articles about each subject, and more insights about the project. (The publication is in French).

Free trade agreements – Colonial agreements against the people

December 2016
Organization / Author
- Study -

This book by Attac Maroc was originally published in 2015 in Arabic and French and is geared towards readers in Morocco who want to learn more about the devastating effects of trade agreements on the country. We have translated it into English, because the different texts provide insight for the interested in other parts of the world as well, and we hope that this contributes to a wider international exchange between activists and initiatives struggling for the democratic interests of people.

EU-Tunisia: Illusion of peace and shared prosperity

December 2016
Organization / Author
- RLS Paper -

The long-awaited Tunisia 2020 investment conference was concluded on 30 November. During this conference, The European Union reiterated its support to Tunisia, but the high cost of the EU policy-based loan strategy is in stark contrast with the meager support provided to the country. While the communicated objective of the European Union in the region is to promote employment and socioeconomic resilience as the best counter-measure to radicalization and migration, it is difficult to believe that austerity policies and an increased dependence on European countries can contribute to the effort of an “area of peace and shared prosperity”.

Odyssey of the Alternatives Ibn Battuta

November 2016
Organization / Author
- Article -

A group of civil society organizations used the momentum of the preparation for the COP22, for strengthening a Euro-African movement for climate justice. An “Odyssey of the Alternatives” has been sailing across the Mediterranean since 19 October. It will participate to climate and environment activities in Spain, France, Italy, Tunisia and Algeria before reaching Morocco and participate to the COP.

The Struggle for Energy Democracy in the Maghreb

November 2016
Organization / Author
- Study -

The European Union and its member states claim that its international relations are guided by values and principles based on democracy and human rights. Countless projects are financed and implemented in this regard. Europe’s hunger for energy is no exception in this context, and this brochure, authored by Hamza Hamouchene, serves as an introduction to this topic. Hamouchene’s text outlines the blatant disregard for the will of the people in areas of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia that are subject to the production of energy for Europe. The brochure also serves as an introduction for climate activists to these North African countries, providing an overview of the region’s popular struggles for climate justice.

“About the revolution, the party and the decline of capitalism” Discussion on the occasion of the presentation of translated texts by Rosa Luxemburg

October 2016
Organization / Author
- Article -

How relevant are Rosa Luxemburg’s analyses today? How does Tunisia’s left discuss her thoughts within the current context? On October 14, a text collection of Rosa Luxemburg, translated into Arabic, was presented at the North Africa office of the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung (RLS) in Tunis. More in the report..

Water Access and Neoliberal Agenda in North Africa

October 2016
Organization / Author
- Article -

This paper builds upon research supported by the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung, North Africa office, on climate justice and access to land and water in North Africa through its work over the past years. The review focuses on neoliberal dictations on the regions at the hands of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization (WTO), in addition to the role of the European Union (EU) regarding water rights in Egypt, Algeria, and Morocco.

The drama of migrants in Tunisia

June 2016
Organization / Author
- Article -

A dramatic combination of regional conflicts, human rights violations on a massive scale, and the European border regime has triggered an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, leaving hundreds of thousands of people with little or no choice but to cross the Mediterranean Sea in barely-seaworthy and overcrowded boats.

The report largely draws on interviews with officials and staff from many institutions and organizations working on migration. The purpose of this paper is to cast light on the situation of migrants, whatever their origin, who for one reason or another currently find themselves in Tunisia.

The Islamization of radicalism

June 2016
Organization / Author
- Study -

What are the push factor behind the fact that French youth from “second generation” muslims, muslims converts to take part in “Jihad” and join groups like ISIS? Olivier Roy tries in this article which was published in November 2015 in French and translated by the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung, the answer to this question.

Social justice in the Arab region between street politics and political paths

January 2016
Organization / Author
- Research -

This book tackles a number of issues related to social justice in details through eight chapters which examine regional issues or comparative case studies in the Arab region. The issues disscussed in the book are numerous, and range from the neo-liberal project in the Arab region to the different aspects of the struggle for social justice in civil society, social movements…

Youths and Radical Groups from the Perspective of Youths

December 2015
Organization / Author
- Research -

This publication produced by Arab Forum for Alternatives (AFA) in cooperation with the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung (RLS) examines the new wave of international terrorism led by ISIS. One of the main characteristics of this wave is the involvement of youth from different nationalities in attacks by ISIS; here come the urgency for scholars and researchers to start studying and identifying root causes of this phenomenon.

In this context, this publication aims to identify root causes and tries to present progressive answers from youth and mid-career researchers on reasons that led youth to join these violent groups and organizations.

Political parties – Toward an active role in adoption of more just policies and legislations

January 2015
Organization / Author
- Research -

After the January 25th 2011 revolution, there were several new political parties that have emerged in the context of opening the public space and freedom to form political parties and diminishing previous restrictions on the process of creating parties, as this process was subject to the ruling party in terms of criteria and application.

The coming parliament and social justice legislations

Organization / Author
- Policy Paper -

The concept of social justice is not just a concept that is linked to economy in its technical sense, yet it has as well political dimensions, one of the most important dimensions is spreading the spirit and culture of peaceful coexistence among citizens, that citizens without the feeling of justice among themselves, the society cannot be in a state of stability, which in turn affects all various classes.

Towards a positive role to achieve social justice in the Arab world

December 2014
Organization / Author
- Policy Paper -

Arab revolutions have shown in the past years that the followed economic models that was backed by the European Union has failed to achieve the promised development goals, and resulted in a clear reduction in citizens’ access to economic and social rights. In spite of the endorsement of the European Union on that, it still adopts policies in the course of the Deauville partnership, which goes in line with international financial institutions, which are still promoting more liberalization of trade and finance, privatization and attracting foreign direct investment, as well as austerity in spending to meet the State budget deficit .

RESTORING THE ANCIENT ORDER

June 2014
Organization / Author
- Article -

After the victory of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi in Egypt’s latest Presidential elections, the military establishment holds again the office of the State President and thus renewed its direct political rule of the country.

Social Justice and the civil society between strategies of defense and development

May 2014
Organization / Author
- Policy Paper -

The role of civil society in achieving social justice has emerged with its establishment in the very beginning, even if it was only excluded to the charitable aspect. The core idea was to improve the most marginalized and poor categories, even if the charitable work is not enough in that context. Civil society has reached a certain degree of maturity with the Arab revolutions. It attempted to play a pivotal role in achieving objectives of revolutions that raised certain slogans when they emerged and social justice was in the heart of them either directly or through other slogans such as Dignity and Liberty which are directed to social justice in a way or another.

Social Justice: Concept and policies after the Arab revolutions

Organization / Author
- Study -

This book tries to tackle the concept of social justice using background papers on the complexities of this concept, the relationship between this concept and the changes that took and are still taking place in our Arab region and the role of foreign factors, as represented by EU policies. It then presents three case studies, which tackle previous studies in Egypt, Tunisia and Yemen. It also includes a number of parallel articles to these studies in an attempt to provide different perspectives on issues and countries covered by these studies.

Mapping of the Arab Left

February 2014
Organization / Author
- Study -

Based on a variety of “country-studies”, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, and Yemen; the general aim of the mapping is to provide a comparative profile of the left in these countries. It is therefore to assist the Arab and international left to obtain a clearer understanding of composition, constituency, tasks, demands, goals, influence and challenges faced by the left in each of the countries included. A more specific aim of the mapping is to support a regional network of Arab leftist actors of training and exchange, where RLS plans to act as a facilitator.

MAPPING OF THE ARAB LEFT – Contemporary Leftist Politics in the Arab East

January 2014
Organization / Author
- Study -

The goal of this mapping of leftist actors (in Palestine, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and the Palestinian-Arab Community in Israel) is to not only support debate of the Left in the Arab world but to also encourage alternative action. It is self-evident that any kind of “mapping” can only be a beginning, a very first step of a longer journey to be shared by many. However, hopefully this project will feed in and contribute to a larger process of re-considering and re-strengthening leftist understandings in and outside of the Arab East.
Listening to voices from the Arab East invites the reader not only to learn more about political discourse in the region, but also avoids the standard Eurocentric perspective most are subjected to. To reconnect the discourse of the Left in the Arab East to the international community, and in particular to non-Arabic speaking people, the book is bilingual and presents all essays in both Arabic and English.
This book is a project of the Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung Regional Office Palestine http://www.rosaluxemburg.ps/.

The Revolutionary Process in Tunisia and the Risk of Failure

October 2013
Organization / Author
- Article -

uprising of 17 December 2010 in Tunisia was the first of a new wave of revolutions that no one could have predicted. According to the author of article, anyone who follows the revolutionary process will notice that the hijacking of the revolution from its path and the counter revolutionary process have started.

EGYPT AFTER MORSI – Joint governing or division of society?

July 2013
Organization / Author
- Article -

Many “knew it”, of course. The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, or “the Islamists” in general, didn’t have a political plan and their downfall was only a matter of time. The Tamarod (“Rebel”) campaign called for protests against President Muhammad Morsi on 30 June. Millions answered and demonstrated for days. As the campaign built up people in Egypt were asking: “What will happen on 30 June?”

Our Help as a Threat

January 2013
Organization / Author
- Policy Paper -

A contribution concerning the effect of “development aid” and “democracy promotion” in the Arab world.